German chemist, Christian Schönbein, was born on October 18, 1799. He discovered and named ozone, a gas made up of three oxygen atoms.
American astronaut, William Anders, was born on October 17, 1933. Along with his fellow crewmembers of Apollo 8 mission, he is one of the first persons ever to leave the Earth and travel around the moon.
Swiss physician, Albrecht von Haller, was born on October 16, 1708. He proved that irritability is a characteristic of live tissues, and analyzed the irritability of muscles and the sensibility of nerves.
Italian physicist, Evangelista Torricelli, was born on October 15, 1608. He discovered the principle of atmospheric pressure measurement and invented the mercury barometer.
Scottish mathematician, Robert Simson, was born on October 14, 1687. He studied the triangle and its circumcircle, determining the pedal line known as the “Simson line”.
German physician, Rudolf Virchow, was born on October 13, 1821. He developed the cell theory and instilled the idea that every cell stems from another cell.
English biochemist, Arthur Harden, was born on October 12, 1865. He investigated the chemical processes occurring in the fermentation of sugars by yeast cells.
American engineer, John Parsons, was born on October 11, 1913. He invented the numerical control system, forerunner of today´s computer control systems.
British physicist and chemist, Henry Cavendish, was born on October 10, 1731. He discovered the compound nature of water, and stated that “water is a mixture of dephlogisticated (oxygen) and phlogisticated (hydrogen) air.
German chemist, Hermann Fischer, was born on October 9, 1852. He established the bond that connects proteins together in chains of amino acids, and studied the specific function of enzymes.
Argentinian chemist, Cesar Milstein, was born on October 8, 1927. He developed a technique for the production of monoclonal antibodies, cells with identical chemical structure.
Danish physicist, Niels Bohr, was born on October 7, 1885. He is famous for his remarkable work in understanding the atomic structure.
German pathologist, Heinrich Waldeyer, was born on October 6, 1826. He coined the terms chromosome (khroma color, soma body) and neuron, the nerve cell.
American rocket pioneer, Robert Goddard, was born on October 5, 1882. In many ways, Goddard´s work and theories wereahead of this time.
Japanese chemist, Kenichi Fukui, was born on October 4, 1918. He focused on the role of electron orbitals. His theory advanced the understanding of the mechanism of chemical reactions.
Italian physicist, Giovanni Beccaria, was born on October 3, 1716. He worked hard to make public the research on electricity.
German botanist, Ferdinand von Sachs, was born on October 2, 1832. He discovered that starch in chloroplasts is the main nutrient in grains.
American aviation pioneer, William Edward Boeing, was born on October 1, 1881. He founded The Boeing Company.