SCIENTIST OF THE DAY


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MARCH 28
French astronomer, physicist and mathematician, Pierre Laplace, was born on March 28, 1749. He proposed the theory that the Solar System was formed from a spinning cloud of gas and dust.
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MARCH 27
German physicist, Wilhelm Röentgen, was born on March 27, 1845. He produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known as X-rays.
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MARCH 26
American physician, physicist and inventor, Benjamin Thompson, was born on March 26, 1753. His experiments helped develop the science of thermodynamics in the 19th century.
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MARCH 25
American NASA astronaut and captain in the United States Navy, James Lovell, was born on March 25, 1928. He is recognized as the commander who brought home safely the damaged spaceship Apollo 13.
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MARCH 24
German biochemist, Adolf Butenandt, was born on March 24, 1903. He isolated human sex hormones: oestrone in 1929, and androsterone in 1931, progesterone in 1934, and testosterone in 1939.
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MARCH 23
German mathematician, Amalie Noether, was born on March 23, 1882. She has been described as the most important woman in the history of mathematics. She revolutionized the theories of rings, fields and algebras.
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MARCH 22
French naturalist and chemist, Pierre Pelitier, was born on March 22, 1788. In1817, he isolated chlorophyll, the green pigment in plants that is essential to the process of photosynthesis.
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MARCH 21
American physicist, biochemist and university professor, Walter Gilbert, was born on March 21, 1932. He is recognized for his pioneering work in devising methods to determine the sequence of nucleotides in a nucleic acid.
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MARCH 20
English army physician, Reuter Roth, was born on March 20, 1858. He lost no opportunity to promote swimming, boxing and football for boys and swimming, dancing and fencing for girls.
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MARCH 19
Mexican chemical engineer, Mario Molina, was born on March 19, 1943. He is one of the most prominent precursors to the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole.
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MARCH 18
German engineer, Rudolf Diesel, was born on March 18, 1858. He invented the internal-combustion engine that bears his name: the diesel engine.
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MARCH 17
American astronaut, James Irwin, was born on March 17, 1930. He served as Lunar Module Pilot for the Apollo 15 mission, and was the first human to drive a lunar rover on the surface of the moon.
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MARCH 16
German physicist and mathematician, Georg Ohm, was born on March 16, 1789. His contribution to the theory of electricity was the Ohm´s Law that explains how voltage, current and resistance are related to each other.
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MARCH 15
German bacteriologist, Emil von Behring, was born on March 15, 1854. He discovered the tetanus antitoxin. He achieved immunity with the serum of a previously infected animal.
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MARCH 14
German physicist nationalized Swiss and American, Albert Einstein, was born on March 15, 1879. His theory of relativity led to the creation of the most popular equation in physics: E = mc2.
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MARCH 13
English scientist ad theologian, Joseph Priestley, was born on March 13, 1733. He was one of the first to isolate oxygen in its gaseous state. He recognized its importance for human beings.
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MARCH 12
German physicist, Gustav Kirchhoff, was born on March 12, 1824. He made important contributions in the field of electric circuits and emission of blackbody radiation.
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MARCH 11
French historian and archaeologist, Édouard Piette, was born on March 11, 1822. Through his careful excavations in the caves of the Pyrenees, he assembled a collection of objects of art from the Stone Age.
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MARCH 10
Scottish mathematician and geologist, John Playfair, was born on March 10, 1748. He is known for his explanation and expansion of ideas on the principle of uniformitarianism, "the present is the key to the past". This work was later taken up by Charles Lyell.
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MARCH 9
Russian cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, was born on March 9, 1934. Yuri Gagarin became the first human to travel in space aboard Vostok 1.
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MARCH 8
American chemist-biochemist, Edward Calvin Kendall, was born on March 8, 1886. He isolated thyroxine from the thyroid gland.
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MARCH 7
American botanist and horticulturist, Luther Burbank, was born on March 7, 1849. He developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants over his 55-year career.
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MARCH 6
Russian cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova, was born on March 6, 1937. On June 16, 1963, she became the first woman to travel into space aboard Vostok 6.
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MARCH 5
Flemish mathematician and cartographer, Gerardus Mercator, was born on March 5, 1512. He developed a cylindrical cartographic projection to map the surface of the Earth.
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MARCH 4
Ukrainian physicist and astronomer, George Gamow, was born on March 4, 1904. He proposed the theory of the atomic nuclei and the concept of a genetic code.
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MARCH 3
British scientist, inventor and speech specialist, Alexander Graham Bell, was born on March 3, 1847. He contributed to the development of telecommunications and aviation technology.
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MARCH 2
Russian biologist and biochemist, Alexander Oparin, was born on March 2, 1894 He is famous for his contributions to the theory of the origin of life on Earth.
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MARCH 1
On March 1, 1832, Darwin discovers a forest in San Salvador de Bahía, Brazil. He was impressed by the lush vegetation, parasite plants and green foliage.
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